A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign (i.e. flip the North and South. Magnetic Torquers. These devices interact with the Earth’s magnetic field and create control torque, which can be adjusted to the required value. Combined with. In this work the issue of acceleration disturbances onboard of GRACE due to magnetic torquers is investigated and discussed. Each of the.

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The magnets themselves are mechanically anchored to the craft, so that any magnetic force they exert on the surrounding magnetic field will lead to a magnetic reverse force and result in mechanical torque about the vessel’s center of gravity.

Magnetic Torquer VMT-35

Views Read Edit View history. The magnetorquer creates a magnetic dipole that interfaces with an ambient magnetic field, usually Earth’sso that the counter-forces produced provide useful torque. Equating the control torque with the rigid-body rotational equations of motion: Sign up using Facebook. That said, the field is weak, so the actual torque produced by torque rods is very small. The full analysis will be easier to apply by measuring one magnetorquer at a time, but I’m going to assume that their torque lines up with the rotational vectors reasonably well, allowing for all of them to be handled.

Magnetic Torquers

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Essentially, what happens when you turn on the magnetorquer is that there is a torque applied to move the spacecraft to line up with the magbetic field vector. This either necessitates a torqeurs high current in the coils, or much higher ambient flux densities than are available in Earth orbit. I have magnetorquers on the satellite of a known strength, and I’m trying to determine how much control authority I have in various directions.


A magnetorquer or magnetic torquer also known as torque rod is a satellite system for attitude controldetumbling, and stabilization built from electromagnetic coils.

Magnetorquers are essentially sets of electromagnets which are laid out to yield magjetic rotationally asymmetric anisotropic magnetic field over an extended area. Subsequently, the torques provided are very limited and only serve to accelerate or decelerate the change in a spacecraft’s attitude by minute amounts.

The math behind them turns out to be really simple. This means as the spacecraft orbits the Earth it encounters a diversity of Earth magnetic field orientations and in general the time-averaged effect of this field diversity enables full 3-axis control.

Equating the control torque ttorquers the rigid-body rotational equations of motion:. Sign up using Email and Password. Basically, most magnetorquers function something like bar magnets that can be dialed to select how powerful, and what direction, they pull in.

Mathematically, the torque is provided in the direction of:. By using our site, you acknowledge that you have read and understand our Cookie PolicyPrivacy Policyand our Terms of Service. Typically three coils are used, although reduced configurations of two or even one magnet can suffice toruers full attitude control is not needed or external forces like asymmetric drag allow underactuated control.

There is always one axis that you cannot rotate about, although you torques be able to mitigate it with some effort.

torwuers I have a location of a satellite in LEO, and the magnetic field vector for said satellite. As long as current is passing through the coils and the spacecraft has not yet maggnetic stabilized in a fixed orientation with respect to the external field, the craft’s spinning will continue.

This makes it possible to freely pivot the craft around in a known local gradient of the magnetic field by only using electrical energy. A broader disadvantage is the torqurrs on Earth’s magnetic field strength, making this approach unsuitable for deep space missions, and also more suitable for low Earth orbits as opposed to higher ones like the geosynchronous. All articles with unsourced statements Articles with unsourced statements from November Articles with unsourced statements from December Torque rods rely on the change in direction of the Earth’s magnetic field, which is especially problematic in equatorial orbits because to first order the field has a constant inertial direction.


By clicking magnettic Your Answer”, you acknowledge that you have read our updated terms of serviceprivacy policy and cookie policyand that your continued use of the website is subject to these policies. That field is controlled by switching current flow through the coils on or off, usually under computerized feedback control. Archived from the original pdf on Spacecraft attitude control Spacecraft propulsion Spacecraft components.

This means that the magnetorquer will have to be continuously operated, and at a power level which magnstic enough to counter the resistive forces present.

torquer Retrieved from ” https: Without resistance, it will overshoot the pole, making it difficult to exactly line up on an axis. It’s completely unsuitable for agile spacecraft e.

ZARM Technik: Magnetic Torquer

How much control authority do I have, given a magnetic field in body coordinates, and 3 equal strength magnetorquers in orthogonal vectors lined up with the body axis? Any spinning satellite made of a conductive material will lose rotational momentum in Earth’s magnetic field due to generation of eddy currents in its body and the corresponding braking force proportional to its spin rate.

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A set of three orthogonally aligned torque rods wired up so they can generate a magnetic dipole field of either sign i.