Controls (ITGCs) Information Technology (“IT”) environments continue to increase in complexity with ever greater reliance on the information. IT general controls (ITGC) are the basic controls that can be applied to IT systems Logical access controls over applications, data and supporting infrastructure. Effect of ITGC on Application. Controls. • Effective IT general controls: – Help make sure that application controls function effectively over time.

Author: Goran Bagami
Country: Seychelles
Language: English (Spanish)
Genre: Environment
Published (Last): 3 August 2009
Pages: 368
PDF File Size: 19.2 Mb
ePub File Size: 3.91 Mb
ISBN: 587-6-73732-197-6
Downloads: 97034
Price: Free* [*Free Regsitration Required]
Uploader: Shaktijin

They help ensure the reliability of data generated by IT systems and support the assertion that systems operate as intended and that output is reliable.

ITGC – Wikipedia

For idle-time garbage collection, see Garbage collection SSD. Audit data retained today may not be retrievable not because contrils data degradation, but because of obsolete equipment and storage media.

Certifies that financial statement accuracy and operational activities have been documented and provided to the CEO and CFO for certification. IT general controls ITGC are controls that apply to all systems, components, processes, and data for a given organization or information technology IT environment.

Fines and imprisonment for those who knowingly and willfully violate this section with respect to 1 destruction, alteration, or falsification of records in federal investigations and bankruptcy and 2 destruction of corporate audit records. This includes electronic records which are created, sent, or received in connection with an audit or review.

Access controls, on the other hand, exist within these applications or within their supporting systems, such as databasesnetworks and operating systemsare equally important, but do clntrols directly align to a financial assertion. PC-based spreadsheets or databases are often used to provide critical data or calculations related to financial risk areas within the scope of a SOX assessment.

Views Read Edit View history. GTAGs are written in straightforward business language to address a timely issue related to information technology IT management, control, and security.

This page was last edited on 7 Marchat To remediate and control spreadsheets, public organizations may implement controls such as:. This focus on risk enables management to significantly reduce the scope of IT general control testing in relative ckntrols prior years. The objectives of ITGCs are to ensure the proper development and implementation of applications, as well as the integrity of programs, data files, and computer operations. IT departments in organizations are often led by a Chief Information Officer CIOwho is responsible for ensuring effective information technology controls are utilized.


Retrieved from ” https: This scoping decision is part of the entity’s SOX top-down risk assessment. In business and controllsinformation technology controls or IT controls are specific activities performed by persons coontrols systems designed to ensure that business objectives are met. For instance, IT application controls that ensure completeness of transactions can be directly related to financial assertions.

The basic structure indicates that IT processes satisfy business requirements, which is enabled by specific IT control activities. These controls vary based on the business purpose of the specific application.

Financial accounting and enterprise resource planning systems are integrated in the initiating, authorizing, processing, and reporting of financial data and may be involved in Sarbanes-Oxley compliance, to the extent they mitigate specific financial risks. July Learn how and when to remove this template message. This article relies too much on references to primary sources.

By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. Companies need to determine whether their existing financial systems, such as enterprise resource management applications are capable of providing data in real time, or if the organization will need to add such capabilities or use specialty software to access the data. Section of Sarbanes-Oxley requires public companies and their public accounting firms to maintain all audit or review work papers for a period of five years from the end of the fiscal period in which the audit or review was concluded.

Information technology controls have been given increased prominence in corporations listed in the United States by the Sarbanes-Oxley Act. ITGC usually include the following types of controls:.

Application controls are generally aligned with a business process that gives rise to financial reports. To comply with Sarbanes-Oxley, organizations must understand how the financial reporting process works and must be able to identify the areas where technology plays a critical part.

This page was last edited on 19 Decemberat These controls may also help ensure the privacy and security of data transmitted between applications.

In addition, conteols should be prepared to defend the quality of their records management program RM ; comprehensiveness of RM i. By using this site, you agree to the Terms of Use and Privacy Policy. The five-year record retention requirement means that current technology must be able to support what was stored five years ago.


In conjunction with document retention, another issue is that of the security of storage media and itgv well electronic documents are protected for both current and future use. They can support complex calculations and provide significant flexibility. IT-related issues include policy and standards on record retention, protection and destruction, online storage, audit trails, integration with an enterprise repository, market technology, SOX software and more.

Section requires ittgc companies to disclose information about material changes in their financial condition or operations on a rapid basis. IT application controls refer to transaction processing controls, sometimes called “input-processing-output” controls.

Like application controls, general controls may be either manual or programmed. From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Auditing Information technology audit. Please improve this by adding secondary or tertiary sources. They are a subset of an enterprise’s internal control.

Information technology controls

IT control objectives relate to the confidentiality, integrity, and availability of data and the overall management of the IT function of the business enterprise. IT controls are often described in two categories: Articles lacking reliable references from July All articles lacking reliable references.

Section expects organizations to respond to questions on the management of SOX content. Responsibility for control over spreadsheets is a shared responsibility with the business users and IT.

Companies must also account for changes that occur externally, such as changes by customers or business partners that could materially impact its own financial positioning e.

The five components of COSO can be visualized as the horizontal layers of a three-dimensional cube, with the COBIT objective domains-applying to each individually and in aggregate. Financial spreadsheets are often categorized as end-user computing EUC tools that have historically been absent traditional IT controls.

This article is about IT general controls.